A variety of Swiss institutions with different agendas pursue Agricultural Research for Development (ARD) as members of the Swiss Forum for International Agricultural Research (SFIAR). Activities are principally funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
SDC established three interlinked aims in its 2002 Research Policy:
- Generate specific development-relevant research findings.
- Strengthen research capacities in partner countries so that they can conduct research on their own.
- Work in a targeted manner with Swiss researchers whose activities have a bearing on key development areas
The many actors that make up the Swiss Forum for International Agricultural Research (SFIAR) pursue the whole range of current agendas in ARD, with a coordinating force provided by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the primary funding agency. A larger share of SDC's contributions, however, is in support of the CGIAR and other international centres such as CABI and ICIPE (African Insect Science for Food and Health).
Many of SDC's funding priorities in ARD are therefore focused according to multilateral commitments. The agency seeks synergies between these commitments, research pursued by SFIAR members, and bilateral programme activities. Within the international system, SDC also takes a proactive role in the governance mechanisms of the organisations it funds and is influential in the on-going CGIAR reform process.
SDC's stated central mission is a Swiss contribution to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly Goals 1 and 7. SDC stands by the sustainable intensification of agriculture by smallholders as a fundamental tool for meeting dietary and economic needs. In seeking this, SDC and its partner organizations in SFIAR address related development challenges as they emerge: the effects of agricultural systems on dwindling natural and genetic resources; global climate change; new pests and diseases; and the role of women in agriculture.
|Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
|National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South
|African Insect Science for Food & Health (ICIPE)
|Indo-Swiss Collaboration in Biotechnology (ISCB-EPFL)
|Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FIBL) - Farming Systems Comparison
|North-South Centre (ETHZ) - Livestock Systems Research & Research Fellowship
|Eastern and Southern Africa
SFIAR comprises most stakeholders that are active in agricultural research for development. As several national institutions are responsible for individual themes and issues related to ARD, the ARD priorities are defined in consultative processes, but the agenda is not imposed at the national level.
As the principal funding agency, SDC, a directorate of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), defines the priorities of funded activities. The overriding goal of SDC's research funding is the achievement of the MDGs and the contribution to solving global challenges. SDC’s Research Desk is responsible for determining research policy and strategy, while the Global Programme on Food Security coordinates support to ARD in particular, which is the largest component by far.
SDC’s thematic focus and support in ARD are set along four priority lines. These are i) the sustainable intensification of agricultural production systems of smallholder farmers, including the reduction of pre- and postharvest losses, and the promotion of inclusive market systems; ii) the support of initiatives aiming at the application and the up- and out-scaling of research products; iii) the understanding, improving and valuing of ecosystem services; and iv) the building of resilience into agricultural livelihoods through diversification and risk reduction.
- Core funding and restricted programme and project funding for the CGIAR make up more than half of Switzerland's contributions to ARD. SDC's core contribution is a medium-term commitment, including support to the Future Harvest centres and unrestricted funding to CGIAR system-wide and challenge programmes. Major support is also extended to CABI and ICIPE.
- SDC and the Swiss National Science Foundation came together in 2001 to co-fund a large programme called the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South: Research Partnerships for Mitigating Syndromes of Global Change. The NCCR North-South integrates ARD with wider environmental and social sciences in an agenda of international research cooperation.
- Switzerland's largest contribution to capacity building is the Research Fellowship Partnerships Programme for Agriculture, Forestry and Environment. It provides postgraduate training to scientists from many countries under the management of the North-South Centre at ETH Zurich.
- Other programmes include the North-South Centre's research programme Livestock Systems in Support for Poor People; a long term system comparison of organic farming, a public-private partnership in India, Kenya and Bolivia; and the Indo-Swiss Collaboration in Biotechnology (ISCB).
SDC recognises the sustainable intensification of agriculture and forestry as fundamental to addressing future food needs and economic development. Increasing the productivity of smallholder production units will therefore remain the focus of SDC's support, modified by new development challenges as they emerge. The autonomous contributions of public and private institutions that make up SFIAR have the potential to be particularly responsive to these challenges.
This country profile has been commissioned by EIARD (the permanent ARD coordination platform between the European Commission, Member States of the European Union, Norway and Switzerland) as part of a series providing an overview of policies and support for agricultural research for development by EIARD member countries. EIARD is not responsible for any omissions and inaccuracies contained within this document and the information is only correct up to the date of publishing (August 2011).